Bible Numbers 2.0

The Lord Is My Shepherd

Psalm 23 must be one of the most popular psalms in the Bible. Short and highly picturesque, its words have given deep spiritual comfort to millions of believers. Like Moses, David was a man after God’s heart. It is no surprise it has numeric features showing God’s influence.

מזמור לדוד יהוה רעי לא אחסר בנאות דשא ירביצני על מי מנחות ינהלני נפשי ישובב ינחני במעגלי צדק למען שמו גם כי אלך בגיא צלמות לא אירא רע כי אתה עמדי שבטך ומשענתך המה ינחמני תערך לפני שלחן נגד צררי דשנת בשמן ראשי כוסי רויה אך טוב וחסד ירדפוני כל ימי חיי ושבתי בבית יהוה לארך ימים 1
1                    2              3               4
293                  44             26              280
59                   26             26              46
1   2  3   4  5      6   7  8  9    10  11 12 13    14   15  16
40- 7- 40- 6- 200    30- 4- 6- 4    10- 5- 6- 5     200- 70- 10
Psalm                of David       Yhwh            one being my shepherd

5         6                 7                    8
31        269               459                  305
13        44                45                   26
17  18    19  20 21  22     23  24  25 26 27     28  29   30
30- 1     1-  8- 60- 200    2-  50- 1- 6- 400    4-  300- 1
nothing   I shall lack      in pastures of       greeness

9                             10        11         12
372                           100       50         504
84                            28        23         63
31  32   33 34  35  36  37    38  39    40  41     42  43  44 45 46
10- 200- 2- 10- 90- 50- 10    70- 30    40- 10     40- 50- 8- 6- 400
he makes me lie down          beside    waters of  quiet ones

13                       14                 15
155                      440                320
65                       62                 41
47  48  49 50  51  52    53  54  55   56    57  58   59 60 61
10- 50- 5- 30- 50- 10    50- 80- 300- 10    10- 300- 6- 2- 2
he leads me              my soul            he restores

16                   17                       18            19
128                  155                      194           190
56                   56                       41            55
62  63  64 65  66    67  68  69  70 71  72    73  74 75     76  77  78  79
10- 50- 8- 50- 10    2-  40- 70- 3- 30- 10    90- 4- 100    30- 40- 70- 50
he guides me         in paths of              righteousness  for sake of

20             21       22        23           24              25
346            43       30        51           16              566
40             16       21        24           16              71
80   81  82    83 84    85  86    87 88  89    90 91 92  93    94  95  96  97 98
300- 40- 6     3- 40    20- 10    1- 30- 20    2- 3- 10- 1     90- 30- 40- 6- 400
his name       even     though    I walk       in valley of    darkness

26         27                  28          29         30
31         212                 270         30         406
13         32                  36          21         28
99  100    101 102 103  104    105  106    107 108    109 110  111
30- 1      1-  10- 200- 1      200- 70     20- 10     1-  400- 5
not        I will fear         evil        for        you

31                 32                  33
124                331                 886
43                 43                  103
112 113 114 115    116  117 118 119    120 121 122  123 124 125  126
70- 40- 4-  10     300- 2-  9-  20     6-  40- 300- 70- 50- 400- 20
with me            your rod            and your staff

34             35                         36                   37
50             168                        690                  170
23             69                         69                   53
127 128 129    130 131 132 133 134 135    136  137 138  139    140 141 142 143
5-  40- 5      10- 50- 8-  40- 50- 10     400- 70- 200- 20     30- 80- 50- 10
they           comfort me                 you prepare          before me

38                  39               40                   41
388                 57               500                  754
55                  21               68                   61
144  145 146 147    148 149 150      151 152  153  154    155 156  157 158
300- 30- 8-  50     50- 3-  4        90- 200- 200- 10     4-  300- 50- 400
table               in presence of   ones being enemies   you anoint
                                     of me

42                  43                   44                 45
392                 511                  96                 221
50                  52                   42                 41
159 160  161 162    163  164 165  166    167 168 169 170    171  172 173 174
2-  300- 40- 50     200- 1-  300- 10     20- 6-  60- 10     200- 6-  10- 5
with oil            my head              my cup             overflow

46         47             48                 49
21         17             78                 360
12         17             33                 81
175 176    177 178 179    180 181 182 183    184 185  186 187 188 189 190
1-  20     9-  6-  2      6-  8-  60- 4      10- 200- 4-  80- 6-  50- 10
surely     goodness       and love           they will follow me

50         51             52             53
50         60             28             718
23         33             28             61
191 192    193 194 195    196 197 198    199 200  201 202  203
20- 30     10- 40- 10     8-  10- 10     6-  300- 2-  400- 10
all of     days of        my lives       and I will dwell

54                 55                 56                  57
414                26                 251                 100
36                 26                 44                  46
204 205 206 207    208 209 210 211    212 213 214  215    216 217 218 219
2-  2-  10- 400    10- 5-  6-  5      30- 1-  200- 20     10- 40- 10- 40
in house of        Yhwh               for length of       days.2

The first two Hebrew words have to be dropped from the Psalm. מזמור לדוד, or Psalm of David identify the author. If a believer wished to use Psalm 23 to praise God, he would drop the first two words. This changes nothing in the meaning of the psalm itself. (The renumbered words and letters are given below.)

1              2                3           4                 5
26             280              31          269               459
1   2  3  4    5    6   7       8   9       10  11 12  13     14  15  16 17 18
10- 5- 6- 5    200- 70- 10      30- 1       1-  8- 60- 200    2-  50- 1- 6- 400
Yhwh           my shepherd      nothing     I shall lack      in pastures

6              7                             8          9
305            372                           100        50
19  20   21    22  23   24 25  26  27  28    29  30     31  32
4-  300- 1     10- 200- 2- 10- 90- 50- 10    70- 30     40- 10
green          he makes me lie down          beside     waters

10                   11                       12
504                  155                      440
33  34  35 36 37     38  39  40 41  42  43    44  45  46   47
40- 50- 8- 6- 400    10- 50- 5- 30- 50- 10    50- 80- 300- 10
quiet                he leads me              my soul

13                   14                   15
320                  128                  155
48  49   50 51 52    53  54  55 56  57    58  59  60  61 62  63
10- 300- 6- 2- 2     10- 50- 8- 50- 10    2-  40- 70- 3- 30- 10
he restores          he guides me         in paths

16                 17                18             19       20
194                190               346            43       30
64  65 66          67  68  69  70    71   72  73    74 75    76  77
90- 4- 100         30- 40- 70- 50    300- 40- 6     3- 40    20- 10
righteousness      for sake of       his name       even     though

21           22                 23                    24
51           16                 566                   31
78 79  80    81 82 83  84       85  86  87  88 89     90  91
1- 30- 20    2- 3- 10- 1        90- 30- 40- 6- 400    30- 1
I walk       in valley of       deep darkness         not

25                 26         27        28              29
212                270        30        406             124
92  93  94   95    96   97    98  99    100 101  102    103 104 105 106
1-  10- 200- 1     200- 70    20- 10    1-  400- 5      70- 40- 4-  10
I will fear        evil       for       you             with me

30                  31                               32
331                 886                              50
107  108 109 110    111 112 113  114 115 116  117    118 119 120
300- 2-  9-  20     6-  40- 300- 70- 50- 400- 20     5-  40- 5
your rod            and your staff                   they

33                         34                   35
168                        690                  170
121 122 123 124 125 126    127  128 129  130    131 132 133 134
10- 50- 8-  40- 50- 10     400- 70- 200- 20     30- 80- 50- 10
comfort me                 you prepare          before me

36                  37               38                   39
388                 57               500                  754
135  136 137 138    139 140 141      142 143  144  145    146 147  148 149
300- 30- 8-  50     50- 3-  4        90- 200- 200- 10     4-  300- 50- 400
table               in presence      of my enemies        you anoint

40                  41                   42                 43
392                 511                  96                 221
150 151  152 153    154  155 156  157    158 159 160 161    162  163 164 165
2-  300- 40- 50     200- 1-  300- 10     20- 6-  60- 10     200- 6-  10- 5
with oil            my head              my cup             overflows

44         45             46                 47
21         17             78                 360
166 167    168 169 170    171 172 173 174    175 176  177 178 179 180 181
1-  20     9-  6-  2      6-  8-  60- 4      10- 200- 4-  80- 6-  50- 10
surely     goodness       and love           will follow me

48         49             50             51
50         60             28             718
182 183    184 185 186    187 188 189    190 191  192 193  194
20- 30     10- 40- 10     8-  10- 10     6-  300- 2-  400- 10
all of     days of        my life        and I will dwell

52                 53                 54                  55
414                26                 251                 100
195 196 197 198    199 200 201 202    203 204 205  206    207 208 209 210
2-  2-  10- 400    10- 5-  6-  5      30- 1-  200- 20     10- 40- 10- 40
in house of        Yhwh               for length          of days

Numeric Features

1.1The psalm has 55 words (no feature), and 210 letters (2 x 3 x 5 x 7).

1.2Total of the passage: 13440 = 27 x 3 x 5 x 7.

2.Revelation 1:8's principle of sequence is, was, and is to come can be seen in the placement of the words.

2.1Odd positioned words: 6832 = 24 x 7 x 61.

2.2Even positioned words: 6608 = 24 x 7 x 59.

2.3Beginning with the first word and pulling every Nth word after, the following values of N produce sequences divisible by 7:

 2 13 20 22 27

The sum of the five N values: 84 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 7. SF: 14 = 2 x 7.

3.This is a psalm praising God. It was written by a man, not God, and it does not describe God with the qualities of The Proclamation, or of Revelation 1:8. As a result, the first letter of each word, and the last letter of each word individually yield no feature. However, they do produce a feature when they are taken together: 3086 + 3018 = 6104 = 23 x 7 x 109.

3.2The first and last letter of each word might not work, but the principle of first and last shows up in the words.

3.2.1The first and last words: 26 + 100 = 126 = 2 x 32 x 7. The last word is the 55th word from the beginning. It becomes clear now why there are 55 words. The positions of the first and last words comes out to 1 + 55 = 56 (23 x 7). And the sum of the factors is 13. (N.B. As long as the Nth and Nth last are added together, with the Nth last counted from the beginning, the sum will be divisible by seven.)

3.2.2The next pair of first and last words are the 14th and 14th last words: 128 + 96 = 224 = 25 x 7. The 14th last word is the 42nd word from the beginning. 14 + 42 = 56 = 23 x 7.

3.2.3The 27th and 27th last words: 30 + 124 = 154 = 2 x 7 x 11. The 27th last word is the 29th word from the beginning. And of course: 27 + 29 = 56 = 23 x 7.

3.2.4.1From the previous three features, add up the first word positions: 1 + 14 + 27 = 42 = 2 x 3 x 7.

3.2.4.2Now add the last word positions: 55 + 42 + 29 = 126 = 2 x 3 x 3 x 7.

3.2.4.3This naturally means all of them together also works: 42 + 126 = 168 = 23 x 3 x 7.

3.2.5The middle word of the psalm is the 28th word: 406 = 2 x 7 x 29. This fits in very well with the first and last words: 26 + 406 + 100 = 532 = 22 x 7 x 19.

3.3The principle here is the same as in the features immediately above, but instead of looking for paired words divisible by 7, we search for paired words divisible by 13. There is only one pair, as in one Yhwh God. The 21st word and the 21st last word: 51 + 170 = 221 = 13 x 17. The 21st last word is the 35th word from the beginning. 21 + 35 = 56 = 23 x 7. SF: 13.

3.4.1The first 3 words have their first letters starting in positions 1, 5, and 8 (which add to 14).

3.4.2The last three words have their first letters starting in positions 199, 203, and 207 (which add to 609 = 3 x 7 x 29).

3.4.3The first 3 and last 3 words added: 26 + 280 + 31 + 26 + 251 + 100 = 714 = 2 x 3 x 7 x 17.

3.4.4The middle three words have their first letter positions as 98, 100, and 103 (which add to 301 = 7 x 43).

3.4.5The middle three words added together: 30 + 406 + 124 = 560 = 24 x 5 x 7.

3.4.6This means the first 3, middle 3, and last 3 words come out as 1274 = 2 x 72 x 13.

4.In the previous feature, we looked at individual words paired from the beginning and the end. This also works with groups of words.

4.1The first seven words and the last seven words: 3339 = 32 x 7 x 53.

4.2The first nine and last nine words: 3899 = 7 x 557.

4.3The first 15 and last 15 words: 6545 = 5 x 7 x 11 x 17.

5.1.1Words whose sums are prime numbers:

Position:   3  4   19 24 30  45 54  
Word value: 31 269 43 31 331 17 251 

Total of these words: 973 = 7 x 139.

5.1.2Words that are not prime numbers:

a) Word position            b) Word value.
a) 1  2   5   6   7   8   9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  
b) 26 280 459 305 372 100 50 504 155 440 320 128 155 194 190 346 

a) 20 21 22 23  25  26  27 28  29  31  32 33  34  35  36  37 38  
b) 30 51 16 566 212 270 30 406 124 886 50 168 690 170 388 57 500 

a) 39  40  41  42 43  44 46 47  48 49 50 51  52  53 55  
b) 754 392 511 96 221 21 78 360 50 60 28 718 414 26 100 

The sum of line b): 12467 = 7 x 13 x 137.

5.2Words divisible by 13:

Word position: 1  39  43  46 53
Word value:    26 754 221 78 26

The sum of the positions: 182 = 2 x 7 x 13.

The sum of the words: 1105 = 5 x 13 x 17. SF: 35 = 5 x 7.

5.3The middle 49 words: 12726 = 2 x 32 x 7 x 101.

6.The number of letters in each word has several features.

a) Number of letters in each word.
b) Odd positioned words.
c) Even positioned words.

a) 4 3 2 4 5 3 7 2 2 5 6 4 5 5 6 3 4 3 2 2 3 4 5 2 4 2 2 3 4 4 7 3 6 4 4 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 2 3 4 7 2 3 3 5 4 4 4 4
b) 4   2   5   7   2   6   5   6   4   2   3   5   4   2   4   7   6   4   3   4   4   4   3   7   3   5   4   4
c)   3   4   3   2   5   4   5   3   3   2   4   2   2   3   4   3   4   4   4   4   4   2   4   2   3   4   4

6.1.1The odd positioned number of letters (line b):

4 2 5 7 2 6 5 6 4 2 3 5 4 2 4 7 6 4 3 4 4 4 3 7 3 5 4 4

Total: 119 = 7 x 17.

6.1.2From this list in feature 6.1.1 pull odd and even positioned numbers again.

Odd positioned: 4 5 2 5 4 3 4 4 6 3 4 3 3 4 = 54 (no feature).

Even positioned: 2 7 6 6 2 5 2 7 4 4 4 7 5 4 = 65 = 5 x 13.

6.2.1The even positioned number of letters (line c):

3 4 3 2 5 4 5 3 3 2 4 2 2 3 4 3 4 4 4 4 4 2 4 2 3 4 4

Total: 91 = 7 x 13.

6.2.2From 6.2.1 pull odd and even positioned numbers again.

Odd positioned: 3 3 5 5 3 4 2 4 4 4 4 4 3 4 = 52 = 2 x 2 x 13.

Even positioned: 4 2 4 3 2 2 3 3 4 4 2 2 4 = 39 = 3 x 13.

6.3.1Eleven words in the psalm have only 3 letters (for a total of 33 letters).

Word position: 2   6   16  18  21 28  32 37 45 49 50 
Word value:    280 305 194 346 51 406 50 57 17 60 28 
Total of the positions: 304 nf.

The total of these 11 words: 1794 = 2 x 3 x 13 x 23.

6.3.2Six words have 5 letters (for a total of 30 letters).

Word position: 5   10  13  14  23  51
Word value:     459 504 320 128 566 718 
Total of the positions: 116 nf.

The total of these 6 words: 2695 = 5 x 7 x 7 x 11.

6.3.3The total number of letters for these seventeen words: 33 + 30 = 63 = 3 x 3 x 7. SF: 13.

6.3.4.1So why are words with 3 or 5 letters special? Perhaps they point to the third and fifth words of the psalm: 31 + 459 = 490 = 2 x 5 x 7 x 7. SF: 21 = 3 x 7.

6.3.4.2Perhaps it is because the total of the word positions from these two groups are also related: 304 + 116 = 420 = 22 x 3 x 5 x 7.

6.4This feature is similar to the previous one, but it is less spectacular. Ten words have two letters (for a total of 20 letters):

Word position: 3  8   9  19 20 24 26  27 44 48 = 228 nf. 
Word value:    31 100 50 43 30 31 270 30 21 50 = 656 nf. 

Three words have six letters (for a total of 18 letters):

Word position: 11  15  33   = 59  nf. 
Word value:    155 155 168  = 478 nf. 

6.4.1Ten plus three is thirteen.

6.4.2The positions of the two groups: 228 + 59 = 287 = 7 x 41.

6.4.3The sum of the words: 656 + 478 = 1134 = 2 x 34 x 7.

6.4.4Why are two letter words and six letter words related? The second and sixth words of the psalm: 280 + 305 = 585 = 3 x 3 x 5 x 13.

6.5The two remaining groups are of four and seven letter words, and the number of features continues to deteriorate. Twenty-two are four letter words:

Word position: 1  4   12  17  22 25  29  30  34  35  36  38  39  
Word value:    26 269 440 190 16 212 124 331 690 170 388 500 754 

Word position: 40  41  42 43  46 52  53 54  55  = 748  nf. 
Word value:    392 511 96 221 78 414 26 251 100 = 6199 nf. 

Three are seven letter words:

Word position: 7   31  47 =  85 nf.
Word value:    372 886 360 = 1618 nf. 

The sum of the positions: 748 + 85 = 833 = 7 x 7 x 17.

7.The letter values of the divine name can be run 13 times through the letters of psalm 23.

a) Letter from the divine name.
b) Count.
c) Adjusted count.
d) Letter found in psalm 23.

a) 10 5  6  5  10 5  6  5  10 5  6  5  10 5  6  5   10  5   6   5
b) 10 15 21 26 36 41 47 52 62 67 73 78 88 93 99 104 114 119 125 130
c) 10 15 21 26 36 41 47 52 62 67 73 78 88 93 99 104 114 119 125 130
d) 1  50 1  90 6  30 10 2  30 30 6  1  6  10 10 40  70  40  50  20

a) 10  5   6   5   10  5   6   5   10  5   6   5   10  5   6  5  10
b) 140 145 151 156 166 171 177 182 192 197 203 208 218 13  19 24 34
c) 140 145 151 156 166 171 177 182 192 197 203 208 8   13  19 24 34
d) 3   10  300 300 1   6   4   20  2   10  30  40  30  200 4  2  50

a) 5  6  5  10 5  6   5  10 5  6  5   10  5   6   5
b) 39 45 50 60 65 71  76 86 91 97 102 112 117 123 128
c) 39 45 50 60 65 71  76 86 91 97 102 112 117 123 128
d) 50 80 6  70 4  300 20 30 1  70 5   40  20  8   70

Total: 2289 = 3 x 7 x 109. SF: 119 = 7 x 17.

9.Pulling every Nth letter, the following values of N produce sequences divisible by 7:

4 44 47 50 54 58 59 75 77 78 91 94 95

Total: 826 = 2 x 7 x 59.

10.Five words begin with with the letter 1:

Word position: 4   21 25  28  44
Word value:    269 51 212 406 21

Total words: 959 = 7 x 137.

11.Twenty-two letters occupy the same position whether from the beginning or end.

a) Letter position.       b) Letter value.
a) 8  18  20  22 25 47 59 65 77 87 97 114 124 134 146 152 
b) 30 400 300 10 10 10 40 4  10 40 70 70  40  10  4   40  

a) 164 186 189 191 193 203
b) 10  10  10  300 400 30

Sum of the positions: 4620 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 5 x 7 x 11.

Sum of the letters: 1848 = 2 x 2 x 2 x 3 x 7 x 11.

The table above is actually a mirror doubling the results. The first half is duplicated in reverse in the last half.

8  18  20  22 25 47 59 65 77 87 97  = 525 = 3 x 5 x 5 x 7
30 400 300 10 10 10 40 4  10 40 70  = 924 = 2 x 2 x 3 x 7 x 11

Conclusion

Many people reading Psalm 23 instinctively feel its deep meaning applies to them. They know it is special, and it becomes their favourite psalm. You don't need numeric features for this. But numeric features are a bonus, and they serve another purpose.

Adherents to other gods or religions can read Psalm 23 and feel it applies to themselves, their religion and their god. But the numbers prove such claims have no basis. The numeric features tie in with the principles of first and last and of is, was, and is to come (sequence) from Revelation 1:8 clearly showing Psalm 23 belongs solely to the Bible, to יהוה, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

Notes

1.Hebrew text is from Bibleworks 3.2.009 by Michael S. Bushell, 1995. Verse numbering, vowels and punctuation have been removed.

2.Interlinear English was adapted from The NIV Interlinear Hebrew-English Old Testament, edited by John R. Kohleberger III, Zondervan Publishing House, volume 4, 1979.

Numeric Study Links

The Rational Bible

Bible Issues

presents the Bible as a rational book, as history, economics, and prophecy (with an extensive look at the book of Revelation) also covering a diverse range of topics. (Active site.)




Ideally God's word brings miracles. The numbers are only one miracle.